Quantitative investigation of the morphology of drainage basins using orthophotography =

Quantitative Untersuchung zur Morphologie von Flussbecken unter Verwendung von Orthophotomaterial by Glen Craig Gustafson

Publisher: Geograph. Inst. d. Univ. München, Publisher: Geographische Buchhandlung [in Komm.] in München, München

Written in English
Published: Pages: 155 Downloads: 713
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Subjects:

  • Watersheds.,
  • Orthophotography.,
  • Aerial photography in geomorphology.,
  • Geomorphology -- Statistical methods.

Edition Notes

Other titlesQuantitative Untersuchung zur Morphologie von Flussbecken ...
StatementGlen Craig Gustafson.
SeriesMünchener geographische Abhandlungen ; Bd. 11, Münchener Universitätsschriften. Fakultät für Geowissenschaften
Classifications
LC ClassificationsGB562 .G87
The Physical Object
Pagination155 p. :
Number of Pages155
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4621182M
ISBN 103920397703
LC Control Number77452052

The fundamental unit of virtually all watershed and fluvial investigations is the drainage basin. An individual drainage basin (a.k.a. catchment or watershed) is a finite area whose runoff is channeled through a single outlet. In its simplest form, a drainage basin is an area that funnels all runoff to the mouth of a stream. Drainage basins may. A drainage basin covered in dense vegetation will experience high rates of interception, root uptake and evapotranspiration - this will reduce the amount of discharge within the basin. Tropical rainforests are thought to intercept up to 80% of rainfall, whereas arable land intercepts less than 10% of rainfall. Wentworth () method. The Drainage density and frequency distribution analysis of the watershed area were done using the spatial analyst tool in ArcGIS software. Drainage Network. Stream Order (Su): Stream ordering is the first step of quantitative analysis of the watershed. The stream. ISBN: OCLC Number: Notes: Rev. translation of: Morfometria bazinelor hidrografice. Description.

Hydro-geomorphology is science that deals with occurrences of water with respect to landform. Hydrogeomorphology of a drainage basin is a function of rainfall kinematics, surface topography, drainage basin morphology and runoff etc. All these aspects are regarded as the potential to describe hydrogeomorphic properties of the drainage basin. The list of drainage basins by area identifies basins (also known as "catchments" or, in North American usage, "watersheds"), sorted by area, which drain to oceans, mediterranean seas, rivers, lakes and other water basins larger than , km 2 (, sq mi) are included as well as selected smaller basins. It includes drainage basins which do not flow to the ocean (endorheic. significant parameters in quantitative morphology. Basin area is the hydrologically important because it directly affects the size of the storm hydrograph and the magnitudes of peak and mean runoff. The aerial aspect of the drainage basin such as Drainage density (Dd), Stream frequency(Fs), Drainage Texture (Rt), Form factor (f), Circularity ratio. results of this study were the determination that the basins have vast range stream order ranging from 3rd to 7th order drainage basins and a drainage pattern mainly of a parallel, dendritic, trellis and rectangular types. The observed drainage density in all basins range from to with an average is km/km2. The average of.

This field activity and follow-up assignment explores the geomorphology of drainage basins in an active tectonic setting. It introduces basic concepts of drainage basin structure and landscape analysis using morphometric indices. Drainage Basin Morphometry zMorphometry – The quantitative measurement of form – Provides a systematic basis for description and comparison (e.g. between basins, model predictions vs. observations) zTopology versus topography – Topological variables represent network structure – Implies that two basins may look utterly different but be.   Drainage basins 1. Drainage Basins 2. Definition: A drainage basin is an extent or an area of land where surface water from rain and melting snow or ice converges to a single point, usually the exit of the basin. As a basis for quantitative studies of these evident differences in behavior, selected topographic features for about drainage basins istics or river morphology. ,; Drainage-basin characteristics: Am. Geophys. Union Trans., No. 13, pp. , 8 Pettis, C. B., A new theory of river flood flow (published privately.

Quantitative investigation of the morphology of drainage basins using orthophotography = by Glen Craig Gustafson Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Quantitative investigation of the morphology of drainage basins using orthophotography = Quantitative Untersuchung zur Morphologie von Flussbecken unter Verwendung von Orthophotomaterial.

[Glen Craig Gustafson]. Drainage basin analysis using morphometric parameters and its channel network reveals its hydro geological behavior, which also helps to quantify the changes in the drainage basin and groundwater as resource potential and tectonic or structural Cited by: 3.

Quantitative evaluations of drainage basins are providing the important data base for hydrological investigation and river basin management plans. All the drainage Morphometric components. This research is to analyze the composition of stream networks of drainage basins in Japan and to discuss the characteristics of drainage basins in the Japanese Islands.

Study areas were selected for drainage basins in the entire country. In this study, a topographic map with a scale ofwas used and inserted into the valley line by V-shaped-contour methods in each drainage : Yasuo Shimano. Morgan, P.J.

Aspects of a quantitative study of drainage basins in England and Wales with a particular reference to the use of correlation matrices as a technique of analysis. Swansea Geograp Google ScholarCited by: Factor a nalysis is app lied to drainage basin characteristics from landscapes on tillite.

granite and sandstone in the Umlazi area. Nine landform variables in third order drainage basins. The drainage area of the basin is 5, km 2 and shows sub-dendritic to dendritic drainage pattern. The stream order of the basin is mainly controlled by physiographic and lithological conditions of the area.

The study area is designated as seventh-order basin with the drainage density value being as km/km 2. The increase in stream length. Watershed The boundary dividing one drainage basin from another- a ridge of high land.

Source The upland area where the river begins. Mouth Where the river flows into the sea, or sometimes a lake. • In general ‘Drainage Basin’ is an area of land drained by a river and its tributaries, bounded by a watershed (boundary).

Numerous quantitative relationships have been formulated to describe the nature of surface-drainage networks. These parameters have been used in various studies of geomorphology and surface-water hydrology, such as flood characteristics, sediment yield, and evolution of basin morphology.

Little progress has been made in applying these quantitative descriptors to karst flow systems due to the. drainage basins from a range of climates and geological settings.

The only control on sites in this sample is the basins’ size, chosen to correspond to the sizes of Martian basins. Their DEMs were degraded to the meter reso-lution for compatibility with Martian DEMs. The large-scale basin morphology is not affected by the degradation of the.

[8] We use the methods of integral‐geometry morphological image analysis (IGMIA) to encapsulate a morphology of a drainage basin in a simple, yet informative and quantitative form. IGMIA [ Michielsen and De Raedt, ] employs image functionals to assign. hydrological nature of drainage basin and expresses the prevailing climate, geological setting, geomorphology and structural antecedents of the catchment area.

A quantitative evaluation of drainage system is significant aspect of drainage basin. Keywords: Morphometry, drainage basin, drainage system. Introduction. Using circularity functions in lieu of actual basins, we were able to divide Andean basins into separate morphologic classes and demonstrate a correlation between basin morphology and its climate (Figures 3 and 4).

To our knowledge, this is the first time such a correlation has been demonstrated quantitatively. Morphometric analysis of the sub- watersheds in Oguta area, Southeastern Nigeria using GIS processed Remote Sensing data was carried out with the objectives of evaluating their morphometric characteristics and other landuse/landcover dynamics.

The present study involved the measurement of the linear, aerial and relief aspects of the dimensions of the sub-watersheds.

Drainage basins of the principal oceans and seas of the world. Grey areas are endorheic basins that do not drain to the oceans.

Ocean basins. The following is a list of the major ocean basins: About % of the world's land drains to the Atlantic Ocean. [citation needed] In North America, surface water drains to the Atlantic via the Saint Lawrence River and Great Lakes basins, the Eastern.

The initial attempt at calculating a quantitative parameter for the Mammoth Cave Watershed was an examination of basin drainage density.

Drainage density is defined as the com-bined length of all streams in a basin divided by the area of the basin (Strahler et. fluvial morphology has been achieved by quantitative studies of streams, drainage basins, and geology.

Some of the concepts which have evolved as a result of quantitative studies are the hydraulic geometry (Leo­ pold and Maddock, ), the hypsometric. drainage basins. This comparison was prompted by an observation that, at least in some cases, the relationship between the basin’s morphology and its drainage network is strikingly different on the two planets.

Figure 1 illustrates this difference. Panel A shows a drainage network drawn on the top of a topography for a drainage basin in Warrego. Nigerian Geographic- al Journal, 19, EBISEMIJU, F.S. (a): Analysis of drainage density and similar parameters in relation to soil and vegetation characteristics.

Nigerian Geographical Journal,I-BISEMIJU, F.S. (b): A reduced rank model of drainage basin morphology. Geograflska AJlnaler, 61A, morphometric analysis of drainage basin.

The drainage basin analysis is important in any hydrological investigation like assessment of groundwater potential and groundwater management. Various important hydrologic phenomena can be correlated with the physiographic characteristics of drainage basins such as size, shape, slope of drainage area.

obtain quantitative results, the qualitative ap- stages of an investigation. This view is based Idealized cross section of a valley flank in a small drainage basin. GROUNDWATER FLOW IN SMALL BASINS Tie upper limit of area for such basins is usu-:!!. The drainage frequency shows somewhat rising trend with the increase in slope.

Within % slope range, drainage frequency has value of streams per km 2; it suggests that the major portion of the area has gentle slope and more permeable remaining 40% basin area has slope variation in the range of 5–60% and it represents high drainage frequency in the range of to A new prediction model to estimate the sediment yield in Italian ungauged river basins has been proposed by Grauso et al.

() [].The Authors developed a statistical correlation between suspended sediment yield data from 30 Italian rivers, and several morphometric parameters of the drainage basins such as the catchment elevation range, the density of stream hierarchical anomaly, and the.

In Greece the hydrological analysis of ephemeral streams has been especially difficult due to the lack of precipitation and discharge gauges.

This study focuses on the investigation of possible relationship between morphometric characteristics of small to medium drainage basins and hydrological indices in order to discover morphometric parameters “predictors” of flash flood potential of.

Drainage basin morphology (Benchmark papers in geology ; 41) Hardcover – January 1, by Stanley A. Schumm (Author) See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions.

Price New from Used from Hardcover "Please retry" $ — $ Hardcover $ 9 Used Author: Stanley A. Schumm. Mountainous rivers are the most significant source of water supply in the Himalayan provinces of India. The drainage basin dynamics of these rivers are controlled by the tectonomorphic parameters, which include both surface and subsurface characteristics of a basin.

To understand the drainage basin dynamics and their usefulness in watershed prioritisation and management in terms of soil.

Channel-reach morphology in mountain drainage basins David R. Montgomery* } John M. Buffingtont Department o/Geological Sciences, University o/Washington, Seattle, Washington ABSTRACT.

A classification of channel-reach morphology in mountain drainage basins synthesizes stream morphologies into seven distinct reach types. The braiding intensity of this river is estimated using the braiding index (BI) of Brice (), which also changes with space and time along the course of the river.

Temporal changes of both width and BI have been studied using topographic maps of – and –, and dry season satellite data of, and The first extensive hydrologic applications of quantitative measurem'ents of drainage basin morphology were illustrated by Horton [] and Langbein et al.

Horton's mor- phometric work has been extended by many investigators, but only a small. Drainage pattern is the pattern formed by the streams, rivers, and lakes in a particular drainage are governed by the topography of the land, whether a particular region is dominated by hard or soft rocks, and the gradient of the land.

Geomorphologists and hydrologists often view streams as being part of drainage basins. A drainage basin is the topographic region from which a stream.

ric parameters and to classify the basins using the obtained component values. In previous studies, CA has been used for grouping geomorphological units, such as drainage basins, based on morphology [30] [45].

The results of the CA in this study are shown in the dendrogram, whose horizontal axis corresponds to the linkage distance.where quantitative data were available from maps made in and in (Schumm, ).

This made it possible to study the effect of time on the drainage nets; and, with minor exceptions, the evolution of the drainage pattern agreed with Morton's con­ cept.

Schumm also added two laws of drainage composition.Morphometric analysis of a river basin provides a quantitative description of the drainage system, which is an important aspect of the characterization of basins Strahler (). It is important in any hydrological investigation like assessment of groundwater potential, groundwater management, basin management and environmental assessment.